- United in 1861.
- Location: Southern Europe
- Geographic coordinates: 42 50 N, 12 50 E
- Total Area: 301,340 sq km
- Natural Resources: coal mercury, zinc, potash, marble, barite, asbestos, pumice, fluospar, feldspar, sulfur, natural gas and crude oil reserves, fish, arable land
- Population: 61,016,804
- Life expectancy:
- Male: 79.16 years
- Female: 84.53 years
- Capital: Rome
- The author of “Pinocchio” , Carlo Collodi(1826-1890), was Italian.
- The University of Rome is one of the world’s oldest universities and was founded by the Catholic Churchin A.D. 1303. It is also Europe’s largest university with 150,000 students.
- Currently it is the world’s seventh largest economy.
- Over 50 million tourists a year visit Italy. Tourism is vital to Italy’s economy and provides nearly 63% of Italy’s national income.
- The pre-dinner passeggiata (evening stroll) is one of Italy’s most enduring leisure activities where Italians stroll about the streets to see and be seen.
- Italy is among the world’s leaders of the fashion industry. In the 1950s, Italian designers such as Nino Cerrutiand Valentino led the world in creating stylish fashions. Additionally, Armani, Versace, Gucci, and Prada have become internationally recognized. Italy is also known for fine sports cars, such as the Ferrari and Lamborghini.
- Galileo Galilee (1564-1642) was an Italian-bornscientist. When he argued that the Earth revolved around the Sun, the Catholic Church imprisoned Galileo in his own house. The Church issued a formal apology in 1992.
- The Leaning Tower of Pisa was built in 1173 and began to lean soon after, probably due to a poorly laid foundation. During WWII, the Nazi’s used it as a watch tower. After reconstruction efforts in 2008, engineers declared the tower would be stable for at least another 200 years.